激勵機制和獎勵辦法:競爭性招標在采購與談判

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中文翻譯:
            激勵機制和獎勵辦法:競爭性招標在采購與談判(中文2500字,英文1600字)
摘   要     
買方會使用一個定制好的競爭性招標或談判選擇承包商嗎?為了關注這個問題,我們提供了一個框架,首先介紹合同買方的選擇,然后將這個選擇與競爭性招標或談判相聯系。分析表明對于使用競爭性招標有大量可能性的限制。當項目是復雜的時候,這些可能會執行不佳,合同的設計也不完整,很少有可用的競投者。此外,競爭性招標,可能會扼殺買家和賣家的交流,防止利用承包商的專業買家當設計項目。這些結果在采購的啟示私營和公共部門進行了討論。
 
外文原文:
      Incentives and Award Procedures: Competitive Tendering vs. Negotiations in Procurement
Abstract
    Should the buyer of a customized good use competitive bidding or negotiation to select a contractor? To shed light on this question, we a framework that first describes the buyer’s choice of contracts, and then links this choice to the selection of competitive tendering or negotiations. The analysis suggests a number of possible limitations to the use of competitive tendering. These may perform poorly when projects are complex, contractual design is incomplete and there are few available bidders. Furthermore, competitive tendering may stifle communication between buyers and sellers, preventing the buyer from utilizing the contractor’s expertise when designing the project. Implications of these results for procurement in the private and public sector are discussed.

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